The Metamorphosis (Die Verwandlung) is a novella by Franz Kafka, first published in 1915. It is often cited as one of the seminal works of fiction of the 20th century and is widely studied in colleges and universities across the Western world. The story begins with a traveling salesman, Gregor Samsa, waking to find himself transformed into a monstrous vermin.
Although Kafka wrote many stories on animals but this book is the only one where an animal is an insect.It is a tragedy but it is not an ordinary tragedy. The style and plot are simple and nothing is complex accept the fact that the a human has transformed itself to a bug. Character of Gregor Samsa is a very miserable, both as a human and as an insect. While facing the consequences he is helpless. First supporting his family and then accepting the fact later when he can’t help his family he tries to indulge himself in his new life. Though there is not much explanation can be given for the story, a reader will find it quite different from what he reads in day to day.